Naš Legat je dobio ime po Sophie Scholl, njemačkoj studentici koja je pokazala hrabrost da progovori protiv Trećeg Reicha za vrijeme Drugog svjetskog rata. Ona je naša heroina. Dok su njeni sugrađani konformistički šutjeli ili se pokorili vlastitom kukavičluku, ona je imala hrabrosti spoznati krvoločnost mračnog političkog režima svoje mladosti, po cijenu svog života suprotstaviti mu se riječju i djelom te u najtežim trenucima ustrajati u borbi protiv nečovječnosti.
“How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause?”
“We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace!”
– closing lines of the fourth leaflet
Sophie Scholl was a 21-year-old fearless activist of the underground anti-Nazi non-violent student resistance group, the White Rose.
She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich with her brother Hans and their friend Christopher. As a result, they were executed by guillotine, February 22, 1943.
Sophie Scholl did not save her own life, but she resolutely defended her moral and ethical beliefs. The Nazi system failed to break her either when she spoke in court or when she stepped towards the guillotine.
“In the People’s Court before Judge Roland Freisler on 22 February 1943, Scholl was recorded as saying these words: “Somebody, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don’t dare express themselves as we did.”“
Of course, the terrible things I heard from the Nuremberg Trials, about the six million Jews and the people from other races who were killed, were facts that shocked me deeply. But I wasn’t able to see the connection with my own past. I was satisfied that I wasn’t personally to blame and that I hadn’t known about those things. I wasn’t aware of the extent. But one day I went past the memorial plaque which had been put up for Sophie Scholl in Franz Josef Strasse, and I saw that she was born the same year as me, and she was executed the same year I started working for Hitler. And at that moment I actually sensed that it was no excuse to be young and that it would have been possible to find things out.
Traudl Junge, Hitler’s personal secretary, in Im toten Winkel – Hitlers Sekretärin (2002) [Blind Spot: Hitler’s Secretary]