White rose

Naš Legat je dobio ime po Sophie Scholl, njemačkoj studentici koja je pokazala hrabrost da progovori protiv Trećeg Reicha za vrijeme Drugog svjetskog rata. Ona je naša heroina. Dok su njeni sugrađani konformistički šutjeli ili se pokorili vlastitom kukavičluku, ona je imala hrabrosti spoznati krvoločnost mračnog političkog režima svoje mladosti, po cijenu svog života suprotstaviti mu se riječju i djelom te u najtežim trenucima ustrajati u borbi protiv nečovječnosti.

“Kako možemo očekivati da pravednost prevagne, kada jedva da ima nekoga ko bi ponudio sebe individualno za pravednu stvar?“

“Nećemo šutjeti. Mi smo vaša grižnja savjest. Bijela ruža vas neće ostaviti na miru!”

– završne rečenice četvrtog letka.

Kao članica njemačkog pokreta otpora „Bijela ruža“ Sophie je zajedno sa svojim bratom Hansom i prijateljem Christopherom Probstom uhićena nakon dijeljenja letaka na Sveučilištu u Münchenu 19. veljače 1943. godine. Nakon mukotrpnog ispitivanja izvedeni su pred sud koji ih je proglasio krivima za izdaju, te su 22. veljače 1943. godine u pet sati poslijepodne pogubljeni na giljotini.

Mlada je Sophie na suđenju rekla: “Netko je na kraju, morao početi. Ono što smo mi rekli, tako misli mnogo drugih. Samo se ne usude to izreći.”

Slijedi isječak iz filma “Sophie Scholl, posljednji dani” koji sadrži realan prikaz ispitivanja u odajama Gestapa (titlovano na engleskom):

Sophie Scholl nije spasila vlastiti život, no odlučno je obranila svoja moralna i etička uvjerenja. Nacistički sustav nije ju uspio slomiti ni kada je govorila pred sudom niti kada je kročila prema giljotini. Navodno su njene posljednje riječi bile:

Kako možemo očekivati da pravednost prevagne, kada jedva da ima nekoga ko bi ponudio sebe individualno za pravednu stvar? Tako je sjajan sunčan dan, a ja moram ići. Ali koliko njih mora umrijeti na frontama ovih dana, koliko mnogo mladih, običavajućih života. Što moja smrt znači ako će zbog naših akcija tisuće biti upozoreni?

 

O Sophijinoj je hrabrosti govorila i osobna Hitlerova tajnica, Traudle Jung, rekavši kako je vlastito neznanje o nacističkom režimu uvijek olako opravdavala svojom nezrelom mladošću, dok jednog dana nije slučajno prošla pored spomenika Sophie Scholl u Münchenu i shvatila da su isto godište te da je Sophie pogubljena iste godine kada je ona primljena u službu kod krvoločnog diktatora.


The founders of the Center’s Legacy honor Sophie’s courage not to be silent and to oppose the Third Reich during the Second World War. While her fellow citizens were silent or were conquered by their own cowardliness, she had the courage to oppose the dark political regime of her youth, at the cost of her own life. She is our eternal inspiration in moments of my own doubts and weaknesses.

Sophie Scholl was a 21-year-old fearless activist of the underground anti-Nazi non-violent student resistance group, the White Rose. She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich with her brother Hans and their friend Christopher. As a result, they were executed by guillotine, February 22, 1943.

(The Interrogation Scene from the film “The last days”)

In the People’s Court before Judge Roland Freisler on 22 February 1943, Scholl was recorded as saying these words: “Somebody, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don’t dare express themselves as we did.”

“How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause?”

“We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace!”

– closing lines of the fourth leaflet

 

Of course, the terrible things I heard from the Nuremberg Trials, about the six million Jews and the people from other races who were killed, were facts that shocked me deeply. But I wasn’t able to see the connection with my own past. I was satisfied that I wasn’t personally to blame and that I hadn’t known about those things. I wasn’t aware of the extent. But one day I went past the memorial plaque which had been put up for Sophie Scholl in Franz Josef Strasse, and I saw that she was born the same year as me, and she was executed the same year I started working for Hitler. And at that moment I actually sensed that it was no excuse to be young and that it would have been possible to find things out.

Traudl Junge, Hitler’s personal secretary, in Im toten Winkel – Hitlers Sekretärin (2002) [Blind Spot: Hitler’s Secretary]

 
 


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