26. studenog 2011. u Zagrebu osam žena iz ateističke zajednice osnovale su feministički i slobodnomisliteljski kružok Lilith Club.

Kružok je dobio ime po ženskom liku iz židovske mitologije – Lilith, jer su osnivačice kluba bile inspirirane njenom borbom za ravnopravnošću spolova i odbijanjem božjeg i muškog autoriteta. Prema mitologiji Lilith (hebr. לילית) je prva Adamova žena koja je, poput njega, stvorena iz zemlje.

Na svoju sliku stvori Bog čovjeka, na sliku Božju on ga stvori, muško i žensko stvori ih. (Knjiga Postanka, 1:27)

Na osnovu istog načina postanka Lilith je zahtjevala ravnopravnost s Adamom i nije mu se htjela podčiniti. Lilith reče: “Mi smo ravnopravni, jer smo stvoreni iz iste zemlje.” (iz srednjovjekovnog teksta Alphabet Bena Sira, 23a-b). No kako se nije uspjela izboriti za jednak položaj, u ljutnji je izgovorila božje ime i napustila raj. Bog je poslao tri anđela da je mole za povratak, no ona je odbila vratiti se Adamu, pa ju je Bog prokleo da postane demon. No, vremenom Lilith je postala ikona osobne i seksualne slobode.

U ozračju neoliberalnog kapitalizma vlasti i religijske institucije provode retradicionalizaciju društva. U suradnji s ekstremnom desnicom, Katolička Crkva želi imati potpunu kontrolu nad ženskim tijelom i umom, radi ostvarivanja hegemonije konzervativne i crkvene ideologije. Puzajuća fašizacija društva u Europi prijeti da ženama oduzme pravo na raspolaganje svojim tijelom.

Ženski kružok Lilith Club promiče feminističku kritičku i slobodoumnu žensku misao te se aktivistički suprotstavlja opresivnom, mizoginom religijskom, kulturnom i društvenom nasilju protiv žena. Ženski rodni aspekt je istaknut zbog specifičnog položaja ženskog subjekta (ili objekta) u okviru mitskog i religijskog promatranja svijeta i uloge racionalne spoznaje u kritici takvih svjetonazora i u promišljanju njihove alternative.

 


 


The feminist and freethinking circle Lilith Club was founded on December, 26th, 2011 by eight women – feminists, skeptics, atheists, and agnostics. The Club promotes feminism and critical thinking among women and encourages women to oppose oppressive religions, cultures, and dogmas. The Club’s name Lilith derives from a female figure in the Jewish demonology – Lilith. The female founders of the Club were inspired by her struggle for gender equality and refusal to make herself subservient to god or men.

According to Jewish folklore, Lilith (hebr. לילית) was the first wife of Adam. She was created also from the Earth.

So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them (The Bible, Genesis, 1:27).

Lilith and Adam immediately began to fight over who would be on top during sexual intercourse. Lilith said, “We are equal to each other inasmuch as we were both created from the earth.” Lilith then pronounced God’s name and flew away into the air. At Adam’s request, God sent three angels to bring Lilith back, but she refused. God cursed her to become a demon. Once a source of fear, Lilith has been transformed into an icon of freedom.

In “The Lilith Question,” Aviva Cantor writes: “Her strength of character and commitment of self is inspiring. For independence and freedom from tyranny, she is prepared to forsake the economic security of the Garden of Eden and to accept loneliness and exclusion from society… Lilith is a powerful female. She radiates strength, assertiveness; she refuses to cooperate in her own victimization.”

According to feminist readers, Lilith is a role model for sexual and personal independence. They point out that Lilith alone knew the Ineffable Name of God, which she used to escape the Garden, and her uncompromising husband. And if she was the proverbial serpent in the Garden of Eden, her intent was to free Eve with the power of speech, knowledge, and strength of will.